Cache is the segment of the physical hard-disk that stores the web resources that we browse.
For IE, the folder for cache is "Temporary Internet Files"
History is just a stack of URL's that the user has visited (For a number of days). The state of the page is not stored in History. If U open IE options dialog box, then U will see different settings for Temporary Internet Files and History.
So what happens when the user presses the back button?
The browser uses a stack (History) to remember visited pages. Each time a link is followed, or the user gives an URL to retrieve, the browser will push the current URL on its stack. If the user selects the back function of his browser, the browser will go to the document whose URL is saved on the top of the stack (if the stack is non empty) and will pop the URL from the stack.
If the URL resource can be obtained from the cache, then the browser does so, otherwise a fresh request is made.
Hence even if we disable cache thru response headers, the user can still click back and reload the page from the server. But the current state on the server may not be 'ready' for that request.
On the server side, we can use the "Synchronizer Token pattern"